Becoming Zimbabwe

A History from the Precolonial Period to 2008

Alois S. Mlambo & Brian Raftopoulos



Becoming Zimbabwe is the first comprehensive history of Zimbabwe, spanning the years from 850 to 2008. In 1997, the then Secretary General of the Zimbabwe Congress of Trade Unions, Morgan Tsvangirai, expressed the need for a 'more open and critical process of writing history in Zimbabwe.' Becoming Zimbabwe tracks the idea of national belonging and citizenship and explores the nature of state rule, the changing contours of the political economy, and the regional and international dimensions of the country's history.


The aim of Becoming Zimbabwe is to offer a broad overview of the history of Zimbabwe from precolonial times to the present and to track the idea of national belonging and citizenship. - Pieter Labuschagne


Professor Alois S. Mlambo works in the Department of Historical and Heritage Studies, University of Pretoria, and has written extensively on Zimbabwe’s social and economic history.

Brian Raftopoulos is a Mellon Senior Research Mentor at the Centre for Humanities Research at the University of the Western Cape and a former Associate Professor of Development Studies at the University of Zimbabwe.