Beyond Free and Fair

Monitoring Elections and Building Democracy

Eric Bjornlund



Beyond Free and Fair: Monitoring Elections and Building Democracy draws on worldwide experience since the mid-1980s to evaluate international election monitoring and domestic monitoring, and their contributions to democracy promotion and democratic change. In this book, Eric Bjornlund provides an overview of what election monitoring is, where it comes from, and how it is currently conducted, and he educes general lessons for democracy promotion.


[Bjornlund] has written a book that has been much needed for years―a comprehensive, incisive account of the critically important field of election monitoring in new democracies. Moreover he has produced a masterful, field-defining work. - Thomas Carothers


Eric Bjornlund is a lawyer who has designed and directed democracy and governance programs in more than 25 countries in Africa, Asia, Eastern Europe and the Middle East.