Since the collapse of apartheid, there have been major increases in migration flow within, to and from the Southern African region. Cross-border movements are high across the region and internal migration is at record levels. The implications of greater mobility for areas of origin and destination have not been systematically explored. Migration is most often seen as a negative phenomenon, a result of increased poverty and the failure of development. More recently, the positive relationship between migration and development has been emphasized by agencies such as the Global Commission on International Migration, the Global Forum on Migration and Development, The United Nations Development Programme and the African Union.